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亚行发布首份PPP监测报告

2017-11-27

路透社北京11月27日电(记者刘红霞)

    记者27日从亚洲开发银行获悉,亚行撰写并颁发了重在份成员国成人免费视频手机版和社会资金合作(PPP)监测报告,其中,告知认为中国在该领域拥有大规模前景。

  这份年度报告名为《PPP监测》,涉及中国、荷兰、智利、约旦、阿富汗、意大利、朝鲜、泰国和乌克兰等9个亚行成员国。在此起彼伏报告中,亚行将囊括更多国家。

  告知第一关注四项指标:分管框架、单位实施能力、PPP市场成熟度、财经部门。穿过跟踪这些国家的PPP营业环境,亚行旨在为私营部门更高水平地介入PPP品种牵线搭桥。

  本年度的报告认为,资源领域是PPP开拓进取最成功之天地之一,在所调查的9个国家中,热能和可再生能源发电均占主导地位,能源领域也是PPP品种投资的一大重点。外貌比较下,治疗卫生和教育领域PPP品种在该地段发展大规模缓慢。

  告知指出,神州拥有最多融资已形成的PPP品种,穿过吸引更多私营部门企业参与,神州在PPP天地将大有作为。

  告知认为,东欧PPP开拓进取仍面临多重挑战,包括如何提高融资体制发展、推动投资者的进一步优化、付出一股可靠的PPP品种以及将PPP推而广之至能源以外的天地。

  “PPP品种是东亚国家发展之首要动力,但这需要一个有利的空气才能取得成功。”亚行行长中尾武彦表示,“这份报告将有助于政策制定者和军火商做出明智决策,更好地管理风险,并确保为PPP品种创建一个更安宁的空气。”

  截至目前,我国成人免费视频手机在线网址已会同行业部委推出三股共697个PPP示范项目,投资额1.8万亿元,其中已出世项目572个,投资额1.5万亿元。先后四股共募集各地申报项目1226个,投资额2.12万亿元。成人免费视频手机在线网址还下发通知,为PPP品种规范运作划出8条红线,严防PPP规范化为新的融资平台,推动PPP回国公共服务创新供给机制本源。

 

ADB Launches First Annual Report Monitoring Progress of PPP Environment in Member Countries

MANILA, PHILIPPINES (23 November 2017) — Countries in Asia and the Pacific with developed financial markets, strong local financial institutions, and diverse financing resources are more likely to secure public-private partnership (PPP) projects, according to a new Asian Development Bank (ADB) report.

The Public-Private Partnership Monitor tracks the development of the PPP business environment across ADB member countries and provides insights for governments on structuring a sound environment for PPPs. This is the first edition of the report, which surveyed 9 countries in the region: Bangladesh, the People’s Republic of China (PRC), India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam. It will be expanded to include additional countries in subsequent annual editions.

The report aims to benefit both policymakers and investors by providing in-depth information and data on the business environment for PPPs over time, enabling infrastructure developers to assess opportunities across countries and sectors. Annual updates to the report will flag important reforms that could attract or deter investors, allowing policy makers to monitor progress in the PPP environment.

“PPPs are crucial contributors to the development of countries in the Asia and Pacific region, but an enabling environment is required for these projects to succeed,” said ADB President Takehiko Nakao. “This report will help both policymakers and investors make informed decisions, better manage risk, and ensure a more stable environment for PPPs.”

The report reveals that India, the Philippines, and Thailand have the most developed financial markets, which can provide longer-tenor loans (above 10 years) in local currency to support infrastructure. These markets also have a wide array of financing options including project bond financing.

The report finds that the PRC has the most PPP projects that reach financial close. But there is scope to scale up PPPs in the country by drawing on more private sector companies.

Among the key trends identified in this year’s report is that energy generation is one of the most successful sectors in developing PPP frameworks. Thermal and renewable power generation are the dominant sectors for the majority of the countries surveyed in the PPP Monitor. The water sector is also a major area for PPP investment, with over 40% of PPP projects in the PRC in this sector.

With private sector participation in social infrastructure sectors still relatively new, progress on social sector PPPs, particularly in health and education, has remained slow across the region. India is the most successful and has implemented several PPPs in healthcare, although other countries have also started developing future PPP projects in the social sector.

Challenges remain for further PPP development, including enhanced development of financial facilities, further diversification of the investor base, managing the risk of fluctuating traffic in transport projects, developing a credible pipeline of PPP projects, and expanding toward sectors beyond energy.

“There are many ways countries can overcome challenges to PPP development,” said Alexander N. Jett, PPP Specialist in the Office of Public-Private Partnership. “Among the solutions are greater use of credit enhancements to attract better financing terms, reducing restrictions on foreign ownership in PPP contracts, and introducing annuity payment systems that are based on performance instead of traffic volume to mitigate traffic risk.

“Strengthening the institutional capacity to screen and prioritize projects can also help countries develop a credible pipeline of PPPs, while the development of sector specific regulation for non-energy sectors would address concerns about key bankability issues, such as foreign exchange risk.”

ADB, based in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. Established in 1966, ADB is celebrating 50 years of development partnership in the region. It is owned by 67 members—48 from the region. In 2016, ADB assistance totaled $31.7 billion, including $14 billion in cofinancing.


Attachment:

ADB PPP-monitor.pdf


来源: 新华网、中美洲开发银行
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